It’s Open Season on Women in Afghanistan

Published in Fem 2.0 July 26, 2012.

Najiba was recently executed by nine bullets for alleged adultery. The crowd of 150 men cheered on the shooter with cries of “God is great!”

Not far from the site of the shooting, 15-year old Tamana was beaten and killed for being a disobedient wife after her forced marriage to a cousin whose advances she had spurned. No one has been arrested for her death, but her presumed killer’s sister was given to Tamana’s brother as compensation for the crime, an Afghan practice known as “baad.”

A few weeks earlier, Western media carried the story of Lil Baba, an 18-year old girl who was kidnapped, raped, tortured and chained to a wall for five days by a gang of powerful Afghan police officers. She has demanded justice but if the men aren’t prosecuted, her mother insists Lil Baba must commit suicide, the culturally dictated response for a woman who has been dishonored.

A study by Thompson Reuters Foundation released in 2011 concluded that Afghanistan was the most dangerous place in the world for women. Sadly, conditions there appear to have deteriorated. The country’s independent human rights commission has recorded 52 murders of girls and women in the last four months, 42 of which were honor killings, contrasted with 20 murders for all of 2011.

Some attribute the increased violence to the détente reached earlier this year by President Hamid Karzai with the Taliban. While the Taliban are notorious for their severely restrictive and at times brutal treatment of women, violence against women in Afghanistan predates the Taliban’s rise to power.

Open Season

Christine Fair, assistant professor of South Asia studies at Georgetown University, has extensive experience in Afghanistan. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a Senior Fellow with the Counter Terrorism Center at West Point.  I spoke to her about honor killings and other violence against women in the country. She informed me that violence is widespread and by no means limited to Taliban perpetrators. The targets may be women, girls or boys.

It is not uncommon for Afghani warlords, military commanders and wealthy merchants to use attractive boys as catamites or sexual servants. Orphans may be taken from the street or poor boys purchased from their parents to fill this role which is described as ancient and increasing in Afghanistan.

Honor killings become somewhat less shocking against this background of indifference to human dignity. However, honor killings are especially horrific because multiple family members often act together to commit the murder and the victim is likely to be tortured.

Phyllis Chesler, Emerita Professor of Psychology and Women’s Studies at City University of New York, has studied worldwide honor killings extensively. Professor Chesler believes that they are prompted by “gender separatism, the devaluation of girls and women, normalized child abuse, including arranged child marriages of both boys and girls, sexual repression, misogyny (sometimes inspired by misogynist interpretations of the Qur’an), and the demands made by an increase in the violent ideology of jihad.”

Her explanation has been challenged by others such as Widney Brown, the advocacy director of Human Rights Watch, who believes honor killing “goes across cultures and across religions.”

Regardless of underlying triggers, honor killing is a practice that the United States is unable to stop according to Professor Fair. Certainly the presence of our soldiers there has done little to deter it.

The most recent honor killings in Afghanistan occurred this past weekend when a father shot his two teenage daughters who had disappeared for four days with a NATO interpreter. He has been arrested for murder.

Progress, I suppose.

Court Permits Litigation of Sexual Harrassment Claim in Ellen Pao Case

By Kate McGuinness
Published in Forbes, July 23, 2012.

Ellen PaoThis is a guest post by author and lawyer Kate McGuinness with a little input by Victoria Pynchon who is a commercial arbitrator with the American Arbitration Association.

Venture capital firm Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers suffered a major defeat on Friday when a judge ruled that sexual discrimination claims by Ellen Pao could be litigated in open court.

The judge had ruled against the firm on the same issue earlier this month, but agreed to a re-hearing.

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My Biggest Regret as a Parent

Published in Role / Reboot July 19, 2012.
Regrets
Mistakes in parenting are inevitable, but regrets are harder to bear. For Kate McGuinness, not listening to her instincts has proven the most difficult hurdle to overcome.

After longing for a child for years, I adopted a baby boy 23 years ago and felt a whole-hearted love I’d never before experienced. However, with that love came bottomless concern about his well-being. A compulsive worrier, I’ve anxiously analyzed each developmental quirk and spent hours pondering past and future parenting decisions.

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U.S. Powerless Against Honor Killings In Afghanistan

By Kate McGuinness
Published in Forbes July 10, 2012.

This is a guest post by Kate McGuinness, a former Biglaw partner and former general counsel to a major media company.

Execution

Taliban Executes A Woman (Photo credit: Jonathon Narvey)

My anger at the latest “honor killing” of a woman in Afghanistan flared as I read Secretary of State Clinton’s declaration that, like Pakistan, Afghanistan was now one of our country’s 15 “major non-NATO allies.”

What an outrage!

After all, the weekend’s news also carried the report of the shooting death of a Pakistani woman who had openly advocated for women’s rights in her country.

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Yesterday, Five Individuals Determined the Fate of Millions of American Women

English: West face of the United States Suprem...

English: West face of the United States Supreme Court building in Washington, D.C. Español: Edificio de la Corte Suprema de Estados Unidos en Washington, D.C. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Originally published June 29, 2012 in Role/Reboot

Yesterday the United States Supreme Court upheld the key provisions of the Affordable Care Act. The court’s narrow vote of 5 to 4 means millions of American women will have dramatically better health care.

ObamaCare phases in over time. Under its provisions:

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5 Concrete Steps to Shut Down the Office Lech

By Kate McGuinness
Published in Forbes, June 18, 2012

Women law school graduates should be warned that law is a sexist profession.

Sexual discrimination is widespread and sexual harassment occurs all too often.

He’s Persistent, Offensive and Powerful

Here’s a recent real life example of sexual harassment told by an associate’s therapist: A partner in a one-on-one meeting with a female associate leans over and says, “I’d really love to kiss you right now.”

Then he barrages her with e-mails about how hot she is. Click to continue reading “5 Concrete Steps to Shut Down the Office Lech”

Do Sexual Harassment Lawsuits Chill Opportunities for Women?

Published in Fem2.0 June 6, 2012

Ellen Pao

Woman who sued venture capital firm for sexual discrimination

Recently, Ellen Pao, a junior partner at venture capital firm Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, sued the firm charging widespread discrimination against women. She also alleged that she had been sexually harassed and suffered retaliation after she complained about the harassment.

Bloomberg published an opinion piece by Amity Shlaes criticizing Ms. Pao’s suit for a variety of reasons. One was that venture capital firms contribute greater economic growth because they are more “creative” and “wild” with a different culture than square “dinosaurs.” Although she acknowledges that “creative rebels have often behaved poorly in their creative workplaces,” her argument seems to be that discrimination and harassment should be overlooked if they take place in a company that generates growth.

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Honor Dr. Tiller: Keep Late-Term Abortions Available

By Kate McGuinness
Published in Fem2.0 May 31, 2012

George Tiller abortion clinicMay 31, 2012 marks the third anniversary of the assassination of Dr. George Tiller, a Kansas physician who provided late-term abortions in his Wichita clinic. An abortion opponent fatally shot Dr. Tiller in the eye while he was handing out bulletins inside his church during worship services.

Dr. Tiller became a target of antiabortion activists because he performed abortions on women who had passed the twenty-first week of their pregnancies. These abortions terminated fetuses that either had severe or fatal birth defects or were healthy but whose birth would cause the woman “substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function,” as certified by two other physicians.

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The Paycheck Fairness Act: For When Women are Old and Broke

By Kate McGuinness
Published in Fem2.0 May 29, 2012

PaycheckIn virtually every occupation, women earn less than men of comparable experience, education and seniority. From the moment a woman throws her graduation cap into the air to the moment she retires, she earns less than a similar man.

This difference is commonly quantified as a woman earns 77 cents for each dollar a man earns. The twenty-three cents nick is bad. But when it goes on year after year throughout a 40-year career, the loss is catastrophic.

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When Women Fail on the Public Stage: Ina Drew and JPMorgan Chase

By Kate McGuinness
Published in Fem2.0, May 19, 2012

Wall Street is notorious for its lack of female power brokers. Catalyst reports that women make up only 15 percent of executive or senior-level officers in investment banking and securities companies.

Ina DrewThe fall of one of these women results in public scrutiny. Ina Drew of JPMorgan Chase is the latest casualty. Until May 14, Ms. Drew was a member of the bank’s operating committee and headed its Chief Investment Office, a unit blamed for losses in excess of $2 billion.

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